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Hakea salicifolia 'Gold Medal'  GOLDEN WILLOW LEAF HAKEA      spring colors, UCSC Arboretum    fall colors, UCSC Arboretum   another spring UCSC specimen   humble flowers, closeup  GOLDEN WILLOW LEAF HAKEA   a stunning, drought tolerant, Mediterranean-climate foliage plant, with warm coral pink to bright clear pink spring growth displayed against blonde-white to light golden yellow variegated leaves and burgundy stems. The flowers are quite small and not showy, being spidery white things held right against the branch and dwarfed by the much more noticeable leaves. It will slowly grow into a large shrub or small tree to 10', possibly more with age, and spreads about as wide. Specimens planted at UCSC in the late 1970's are now about 12-15' tall and as wide, after 35 years. A fantastic choice for a small focal point tree, as hedges, screens or windbreaks, it takes sun or part shade, tolerates wind and very wet soils in winter and needs very little watering when established. This is a really good plant that has always suffered from being quite difficult to root from cuttings and tending towards reverting to all-green. We believe we have eliminated almost all reversion tendency in our crops. As I remember it has not been damaged by any of our local tragic epic freezes since being planted, including 1990 or 1998. USDA zone 9 (8a?)/Sunset zones 8-.9, 14-24. rev 9/2014

Hakonechloa macra HAKONE GRASS low, moderately fast, clumping deciduous grass with thin, arching stems to 12" tall. Graceful, dark green leaves arch over in a very soft manner. They turn dark maroon in late fall before dropping, and the color in this form is more intense than in its much more common variegated sport, ‘Aureola.’ The deciduous period has been very short for us, new growth starts early in the new year. Seed heads are relatively attractive. Full to part sun, average watering, frost hardy. Great in containers. This plant greatly enjoys moist, acidic conditions, so be free with the peat moss and when in doubt add a little soil sulfur as well. Japan. To about 12-16" tall in most California applications, taller (30-36" tall) in more East Coast conditions. Sunset zones 2-9, 14-24/USDA 5. Graminae/Poaceae. rev 4/2012

'Albostriata'  JAPANESE FOREST GRASS  close   nice Portland groundcover   this form is almost the same as 'Aureola' but with creamy white variegation on these soft, arching leaves, as opposed to yellow. I think this selection's cream color highlights the pink fall color change better than its partner. Feature this where its delicate leaves can drape gracefully over the sides of containers, walls, or especially the water's edge. Not at all invasive, it slowly spreads its clumps in cool, moist soil. rev 4/2012

‘All Gold’   at Lance's house    leaves close up   the all-gold sport of the most common form, ‘Aureola’ this form offers glowing, pale yellow foliage and exquisitely slow growth. rev 9/2011 

‘Aureola’
GOLDEN HAKONE GRASS  planting     foliage    fall color  much slower growing than the all-green form, with yellow leaves striped with green. To about 30" across by 16" tall. The leaves turn light pink as the plant begins to go dormant. Very bamboo-like, probably the most distinguished variegated small grass. Very classy! rev 9/2011

Hardenbergia comptoniana   flowers   really closeup  a fast twining evergreen vine with dark green, divided leaves. It produces a massive show of dark violet blue flowers in narrow pendant clusters in late winter and early spring. Showier, faster, more vining, and slightly more tender than the more common H. violacea cultivars. Also reputed to not be as long lived. Sun to part shade, little or no summer watering. Needs good drainage. Damaged below 25°F. Western Australia. Leguminosae/Fabaceae. rev 4/2010

pink  flowers   really closeup  pale pink flowers, same growth habit and characteristics as the more common blue form. MBN INTRODUCTION-1995 rev 4/2010

violacea ‘Alba’ WHITE HARDENBERGIA  flowers  mounding shrub or slow vine with somewhat oval leaves and a heavy show of small, pure white pea flowers in late winter. Sun, little summer watering. Killed or severely damaged by frost below 20°F.

‘Happy Wanderer’  closeup   another closeup   habit more habit   fast vine, or mounding shrub to 3-4’ tall, 10’ wide. Masses of violet purple flowers cover the plant from late October through February or March. Sun to part shade, little or no summer watering. Can be slow to establish in some very dry situations, but is usually fast once its roots are down. In eastern Australia where it is native, it is often encountered growing naturally as a compact, sprawling ground cover on bare road cuts. Undamaged at 25°F, it suffered enough damage at 20°F that some plants didn't survive. Phosphate sensitive. UC Santa Cruz. rev 6/2017

rosea  closeup   slightly rounder leaves and a more compact habit. Flowers are light pink, with slight salmon overtones. refv 6/2017

'White Out'  fast vining habit, as opposed to the bushy, compact form on the older 'Alba.' A great companion to 'Happy Wanderer.'  rev 11/2008

Haworthia   Huntington greenhouse collection    more    even more!   cute, attractive, small scale, clumping, rosette-forming plants that are some of the easiest succulents to grow and succeed with, usually surviving for years and years if given the most rudimentary attention. The main attraction is in the wide variety of leaf conformations, markings and colorings but they almost all reward you with very long, ultra-thin flower stalks reaching up far above the plant and arching over, bearing airy, extended clusters of tiny, white, lily-like flowers, usually marked with a thin green stripe. Nothing quite makes you feel like a true succulent expert than watching one of these pets flower, in spite of doing almost everything wrong and this while the rest of your collection either withers away or rots off at the base. Those flowers are proof you know what you are doing! Many species look like miniature, green Century Plants. Leaves are usually hard and beautifuly marked with ridges, white markings or spots, or can be soft and provided with translucent "windows" which darken or become clear depending on the intensity of light. Give them almost any succulent mix except for the very few that are more particular and want sharper drainage. All are long day growers except for needing a midsummer rest, when they are growing new roots for the current-year, and at that time prefer drier conditions. South Africa. Liliaceae. rev 10/2017

attenuata  ZEBRA PLANT  typical flowers    young greenhouse-grown plant   garden edge-planting  a small, clustering species that grows east of the Cape, close to but distinguished from H. fasciata by having tubercles on both the upper and lower leaf surfaces, versus just lower for the latter. Typical small white flowers on long, very slender stalks. USDA 9a/Sunset zones 16-7, 21-24. rev 5/2017

attenuata ssp. attenuata  COMPACT ZEBRA PLANT   chunkier, shorter, broader leaves. rev 10/2017 *New for 2018!*

chloracantha      thin and pointy dark green leaves, grow quickly into a clump. rev 10/2013-Suzy Brooks

coarctata     fets tall as it pups from the bottom, scaly dark green leaves with bumps. rev 10/2013-Suzy Brooks

fasciata    ZEBRA PLANT   Suzy's Vignette   one of the most common Haworthias, in fact one of the most common and most attractive and easiest of all succulents. Conspicuous white bands across the leaves. rev 10/2017

hybrid     medium green leaves in clumping rosettes appear to be all the same size. rev 10/2013-Suzy Brooks

limifolia  FAIRY'S WASHBOARD   ultra-mini youngster dressed by Suzy    pale coral pink flowers     3' flower spikes on 3" plants!!   a suspiciously commercial-sounding "common name" for a charming, easy and very perfectly formed species. It is very short, clumping, and grows with a strongly spiral pattern to only a few inches tall. The chunky, very hard, deep green leaves sport deep, distinctive, horizontal ridges that slowly aging to white as the plant grows. Small, narrow, tubular, pale coral pink flowers (in this form) are scattered along an extremely tall (3' or more!!) flower spike in late summer and fall. Mostly shade to part sun, some summer watering, prefers drier winters but survives a typical California wet season just fine in my experience, if the soil mix is moderately gritty and areated. Southeastern Africa. rev 10/2015

'Lemon Ghost'   pale yellow leaves with white bands, slow grower. rev 10/2013-Suzy Brooks

'Polka Dot'    (not currently in production)  green, pointy leaves with bands of white dots. rev 10/2017-Suzy Brooks 

Hebe  daughter of Zeus and Hera, wife of Hercules, goddess of youth. I'll bet you didn't know almost any of that! Evergreen shrubs and subshrubs, formerly important stalwarts in California landscaping, but now essentially extirpated due to the introduction of Fusarium oxysporum v. hebei. This disease persists in soils and nursery beds for years, and induces systemic, incurable, fatal stem and crown infections which ravage landscapes and commercial crops. By the early 1990's Hebe had essentially left the commercial trade in California. In Oregon and Washington however they do not seem as affected by that disease. You will occasionally find relictual individuals throughout California, free of the disease due to being clean when planted and living in uninfected soils. They were re-evaluated in the Willamette Valley in an extensive and extremely valuable trial conducted by Neil Bell of Oregon State University. He looked at hardiness, drought resistance and disease resistance. They were broadly reintroduced in the Portland-Seattle area recently following this planting and now serve quite effectively again in California, but  s short-term flowering container color items, with the smaller leaved varieties showing even better applictation as foliage color/texture elements in single or mixed containers. They break into three basic groups: big leaves and showy, large flower spikes, tight, dense, box-like foliage in grey or green, and whipcord types with minute, scale like leaves and stringy branches. Plan on using the bigger, softer kinds strictly in that container capacity in California since the limiting disease is so extensively and permanently entrenched here in nurseries and gardens. Some of the smaller leaved types can be more resistant and may be tested in the ground, but don't come crying to us if they die - you have been forewarned! New Zealand. Scrophulariaceae. rev 10/2017

andersonii 'Variegata'  VARIEGATED HEBE  blooming, mature foliage  a low evergreen shrub to about 30" tall, bearing short spikes of violet purple flowers in late winter and spring. Jade green leaves are splashed with creamy white along the margins, and are half-mixed across most of the rest of the leaf. Juvenile foliage is longer, narrower, greener, and with longer internodes. Stems are light reddish brown and provide some contrast. This is a cute foliage or container plant, useful for its excellent tone of green in the foliage as well as its variegation, as a focal point, contrast, or background plant. This is actually H. "x" andersonii, the "x" indicating that this is an artificial, hybrid "species," but the "x" just makes the name cumbersome for listing, labeling and organizing purposes so we don't use it. Sunset zones 5-9, 14-24/USDA zone 8. rev 2/2010

anomala 'Purpurea Nana'     fine, box leaves    small, attractive, dark green leaves with purple red growing tips. When pruned, after flowering its white flowers, you will have even more growing tips and more purple red color! Evergreen, about 2-3' tall and wide. Delightful in a container. Sun, regular watering. USDA 7/Sunset 5, 14-17. rev 3/2015-Suzy Brooks 

buchananii 'Minor'  tight foliage   a miniature box-leaved species, with tight, dense blue grey foliage, each leaf edge neatly lined with burgundy during the cool season, on branches to about 4-5" tall, and spreading to about a foot. Reportedly shy-blooming, with white flowers on short spikes. This is classically a rock garden subject, for those who delight in growing plants in stone sinks filled with crushed granite and watering twice a day. But it has found new life as a simple container or even better, combo element plant. It is rather adaptable in typical UC-type mixes (bark/sand, some perlite, etc.) and especially clay pots where excess moisture is wicked away and evaporated by the container itself. Use it for its tight, regular blue grey leaves and perfectly opposite leaf/branching habit. This is probably frost hardy for all but the very Highest Sierras and will certainly sulk or die under desert conditions as well. Sunset zones 4-9, 14-17, 21-24/ USDA zone 7. rev 3/2010

cupressoides 'Nana'     compact habit on quart plant   a whipcord speceis of Hebe that grows very slowly into a round ball, 1-2' tall and wide. A good choice for small containers, with alpine plants in a trough, or as a tree in a fairy garden or garden railroad landscape. Sun or part shade, regular watering, and well drained soil. Evergreen, has small lilac flowers in summer. Sunset zones 6-9, 14-24/USDA 8. rev 2/2012-Suzy Brooks

diosimifolia 'Aute Wainia Falls'   very close  you grow this because you want a compact mound of neat, tidy, very glossy and very dark green foliage. The flowers are heavily produced, so it is worth growing for more than just the habit and foliage, like many of the obsessively neat, regular plants in this genus. It slowly (slowly!) forms a dense evergreen shrub to about 2' tall and wide. The clusters of bright white flowers are tinged with the faintest violet. This is especially terrific in containers where it looks good all the time, it forms an outstanding backdrop for other plants or can be featured by itself. Sun or part shade, regular watering. I am pretty sure we acquired this from UCSC. Sunset zones 14-24/USDA 9. rev 10/2011 

evenosa  leaf habit   a compact, green, box-foliage type, rather slow growing, with short, loose spikes of white flowers in late spring and summer. To about 2-3' tall and wide. Provides very nice color and texture in containers and mixed plantings. It is frost hardy enough to be raised in Portland and even the Seattle area. Sunset zones 4-9, 14-17, 21-24/ USDA zone 7. rev 3/2010

glaucophylla  bluish foliage  here's some hedge material that's 'outside the box,' blue grey colored foliage with new leaves looking like little oval buds at the tips. About 18" tall and 30" wide. An alternative to boxwood. Also nice in containers, try it with Black Mondo grass and a small Armeria. Sun or part shade, average watering. Sunset zones 1-24/USDA 6. rev 5/2012-Suzy Brooks 

'Greensleeves'   very fine green foliage   very small, bright green leaves pack the whipcord-stems of this neat, petite, evergreen shrublet, growing to only 18-24" tall at full maturity. Small white flowers are produced in narrow spikes in early summer. This is a beautiful texture for use primarily in containers, and it is especially good in combination plantings and definitely fine enough for fairy gardens. The whipcord types are generally far easier in California gardens, being much more resistant to the strain of Fusarium fungus that removed most forms from the landscape trade way back in the 1980's. Sun (cool coast) to part shade (everywhere else), regular to modestly infrequent watering, USDA zone 9/Sunset 14-24. rev 10/2014 

'Hinerua'   neat, supple foliage  ultrafine, dark, rich olive-green whipcord leaves are held with cruciate regularity on a soft, billowy, upright, evergreen shrub. Grows 2-3' tall and 4-5' wide, it likes sun or part shade and average watering. Beautiful foliage alone or planted in groups. Sunset zones 4-7, 14-24/USDA 7. rev 10/2013 

imbricata  foliage   another intriguing whipcord-type, with densely clasping, juniper-like leaves of deep coppery brown. Grows as a tight, spreading, flat dome to about 18" tall by 3' or more across with great age. Like all hebes, in California this is best treated as a container plant, though it can survive in the ground as a rockery/alpine unit if Fusarium oxysporum v. hebeii from prior plantings. Sun to more than half shade, average watering, hardy to at least Sunset zone 5-9, 14-17, 23-24/USDA zone 8 or 7. rev 7/2012 

masoniae    small, neatly stacked leaves    a tidy, well-behaved little evergreen shrub with leaves of dark green stacked neatly in geometric perfection, and white flowers in short spikes appearing on the branch tips in the summer. About 20" tall and wide, another nice choice for containers or any sunny spot with decent drainage and average watering. USDA zone 9/Sunset 14-24. rev 11/2014 

'McKeanii'    perfectly neat foliage   in the thirty years that this has been around it has picked up many names, 'Emerald Gem,' 'Green Globe,' all describing a charming, dense ball of small, bright green leaves growing about 12" inches tall and 18" wide. In small pottted gardens or front of the border, it is an easy to grow shrub for sun or part shade with average watering. USDA zone 9/Sunset 14-24. rev 10/2014-Suzy Brooks 

ochracea 'E.C. Stirling'  new plant  this is a dwarf form of 'James Stirling,' only gets about 12" tall, and has golden chartreuse foliage and minute, cypress-like leaves. Call it an  moderately dense whipcord type, it almost looks like a golden juniper.  This is primarily suited to small spaces, and especially as a container subject, either by itself or combined. Sunset zones 6-7, 15-17, 21-24 / USDA 7b-9. rev 2/2010

'Pinocchio'    flowers plus leaves    green and creamy white unevenly splash these leaves and provide a wonderful backing for the short terminal spikes of medium violet purple flowers. This is a small evergreen shrub to about a foot tall and wide. Adds sparkle to containers, mixed with other plants or alone. Provide sun or part shade, average watering. USDA 8/Sunset 8-9, 14-24. rev 2/2015 

'Purple Shamrock'   leaves and stems   green and cream colored foliage picks up a pinkish purple in cool weather, contrasting stems are dark burgundy all the time. This really pretty little shrub grows to 2' tall and wide and likes sun or part shade. Compact and evergreen, it makes a charming container choice and a delightful hedge. Mauve flowers in short spikes are produced in summer. Average watering, drainage, full to part sun. USDA zone 8/ Sunset zones 8, 9, 14-24. rev 9/2014

'Red Edge'   red edge   an evergreen shrub with greenish-grey foliage and a thin red edge around each leaf. Low and rounded, to  about 2' tall and 2-3' wide. Blooms in summer with spikes of lilac flowers fading to white. This would be nice up close so you could appreciate the 'just so' stacking of the leaves, like in a pot by the patio table, with a small dark groundcover under it. Sun or part shade. Likes well-drained soil and regular water. Zones 5-7,14-24, USDA 7. rev 7/2010

topiaria   compact habit  forms very tidy, compact mounds of small, silvery green leaves with a pale edge. Grows about 3'  tall and 4'  wide. A good choice for a small hedge or a container subject, alone or in combinations. This performed well in the Oregon State field trial where many plants failed due to Fusarium (among other causes, like drought, and cold) but should not be considered reilably resistant in landscapes until definitively shown to be so. Sun or part shade, appreciates good drainage, regular watering. Sunset zones 7-9, 14-24/USDA 7. rev 10/2010

venustula  nice foliage effect   an open to moderately open sub-shrub, reaching just 24-30" in height, that you want to grow for its amazingly regular, book-like foliage. The stems tend to show a wonderful monopodal growth pattern. Flowers are small, pale lilac blue, and make a nice show in spring. In nature it tends to grow on slopes so make sure it has good drainage. It is a great foliage element for combinations. I have seen this doing well at Neil Bell's OSU Hebe trial in the Williamete Valley. Zones 7, 14-24/USDA 8. rev 6/2010

'Sky Blue'  neat stacks    such amazing petite leaves, in such an orderly fashion, shiny and happy, a tidy little evergreen! Only about 2' tall and half as wide. It is almost hypnotizing looking at the mostly monopodal growth and perfectly neat, regular leaves. Best as a container plantbut can also be used in gardens, where it looks great as a low foreground mound or placed near rocks or other attention getting objects/plants. Expect light, lavender flowers in spring and summer. Sun or part shade, and regular watering. Sunset zones 14-24/USDA 9. rev 10/2011 

'Walter Buccleugh'    very nice flowers!     very nice foliage!     this one has green leaves with reddish margins and is more of a low spreader, growing 18" tall. Soft texture and the smokey, dark color are punctuated by violet flowers, it goes well in front of the border or in rock gardens. Evergreen shrub for sun or part shade and average watering. More tolerant of cold than most, to USDA zone 7/ Sunset 7-9, 14-24.  rev 10/2014-Suzy Brooks 

'Western Hills'   dark stems   wiry, greenish yellow stems turn to rich mahogany on this dense, evergreen shrub. Leaves are bluish green and white flowers appear on spikes in summer. 30-36" tall and wide. Sun, regular water. Sunset zones 1-24/USDA 5. rev 4/2011

Hechtia epigyna   green clump  a relatively frost-hardy, clumping Mexican landscape bromeliad, forming clusters to 5-6' across at maturity. Light pink flowers, on tall, thin, branched stalks, are seen in early spring and reach 3-4 tall. Use it like a thin-textured, shiny, green, toothed Agave, sited away from paths. Sun to mostly shade, average drainage or better, very little summer watering required when established. USDA zone 9/Sunset 8-9, 13-24. Bromeliaceae. rev 6/2016 

Hedera helix  MINIATURE ENGLISH IVY  slow (mostly) varieties, with smaller, often colored leaves. Shade to part sun, infrequent watering when established. Appreciates good drainage, and of course, great in containers or as a house or patio plant. Europe. Araliaceae. rev 6/2017

'Glacier'   leaves   medium green juvenile leaves are splashed with a little grey and bordered thinly by creamy white, mature leaves mostly grey with an even thinner white margin. rev 6/2017
'Gold Child'
   leaves  mostly grey, plus dark green, gold margin.
rev 6/2017
'Gold Heart'   leaves   rounded, often heart-shaped juvenile leaves have centers splashed pure gold, mature foliage has broader green margins, central color more is more veinal and often turns red with cool temperatures. Mature stems are burgundy red.
'Gold Nugget'  at Sean Hogan's house, Portland    leaves close up    I like this form very much. It is, like 'Goldheart,' a cut above your run-of-the-mill specialty English Ivy. It is easy to place in the landscape, always looks good, and grows well. Part sun to full shade, average watering/soil. Sunset zones 5-9, 14-24/USDA zone 7.  rev 7/2010

'Mint Kolibri'  leaves   dark green, frosty grey and chartreuse, all bordered by lime-chartreuse green.
rev 6/2017
'Shamrock'  new leaves    bright spring green new growth, dark  green mature leaves have silvery white veins.
rev 6/2017

Hedychium   FLOWERING GINGER   dramatic, tropical foliage   a clumping, slowly spreading, rhizomatous herb with cane-like stems ranging from 4-9' and wonderful, tropical appearing foliage. The wonderful thing about many gingers and ginger relatives (Kaempferia, Curcuma, Alpinia, Costus, etc.) is that they are effective and wonderful to look at even when they aren't in bloom. The flowers are an added bonus. Almost all varieties we plan to offer can take winters to USDA zone7- 8/Sunset zone 5 (Portland) because they just go deciduous with hard frost. Large, terminal, cone-like buds produce usually large, stunning flowers which appear in mid to late summer. Taller in warmer climates, they are best everywhere in full sun to part shade and rich soil with moderate to infrequent watering and a yearly fertilizing. In cool areas give all these varieties at least half a day of direct sunlight or they will be inclined to grow very slowly and bloom very late, though they will tolerate almost complete shade and provide excellent foliage effect there. Hedychiums actually have three sepals and three petals, but the flowers are symmetrical because one very showy petal has become enlarged and is split at the base. The sepals are usually very spidery and delicate. Hummingbirds love visiting all Hedychiums for their heavy nectar production. All make outstanding container plants except that young nursery container plants often do not bloom. Himalayas, Southeast Asia. Zingiberaceae. rev 10/2011 

flavum YELLOW GINGER   heavily scented flower spike    tropical foliage    showy seed pods   confused with H. flavescens, a more tropical, glossier leaved species with darker yellow flowers, and sometimes listed as a variety of H. coronarium. To me this species does everything that the well known and common Kahlili Ginger (H. gardnerianum) does and more. It bears lare, pale pastel yellow flowers in robust, showy terminal clusters from mid summer into early winter. The highly fragrant flowers can be detected well away from the plant and have a heavy gardenia/honeysuckle scent very close to that of the famous Hawaiian White Ginger. It has clean, superior foliage, medium olive green leaves that are broad and lush. It usually blooms for me at 4-5' in part shade in late summer but I have seen it blooming two months earlier at a nearby site with a full southern exposure. It makes an excellent cut flower except it will drip sweet nectar. And because of that nectar it attracts hummingbirds. This species has seeded itself all over the Hawaiian Islands, to the extent that visitors assume it is native. rev 10/2011 

‘Luna Moth’   flowers   mostly just for foliage   spidery, white, moth-like flowers open intermittently on the sparse, loose spikes. The flowers are held on long peduncles (flower stems) and have extended orange stigmas. Very orchid-like, and most attractive because of its sparse inflorescence. Probably a variant of H. coronarium (White Ginger), it has the same wonderful, heavy, sultry, thick, gardenia-like fragrance. A late bloomer for us, with flowers usually appearing in August or September, just like H. coronarium. It has the advantage of having a long bloom season due to its habit of only opening one or two flowers at a time. I really like this variety not only because it looks so tropical and exotic but because the foliage is very effective whether it is in bloom or not. It has great presentation. The very long, lush, dark green leaves tend to cluster towards the top of the cane and frame and subtend the flower clusters, overall height is only about 3-4', and it is robust and resists falling. This is a great overall landscape and garden plant. rev 10/2011

Helenium 'Short 'n Sassy'    red orange coneflowers  anicely upright but reliably compact selection with excellent reblooming performance, it begins flowering around June and continues into mid-fall. Really eye-catching flowers show dark golden yellow, rich orange, orange red and golden brown. And they have those wonderful central cones! Intricate tiny anthers, stigmas and compact, pinpoint flower buds really draw you in for closer inspection. To about 18" tall and 24" across. Likes full sun, average watering and drainage, occasional feeding. Sunset zones 1-9, 12-24/USDA zone 4. rev 6/2014  (not currently in production)

Helianthemum nummularium    SUNROSE    creeping woody perennials related to Cistus (Rockrose), usually growing to 6-8" tall by 2-4’ wide. Flowers range in color from dark red through pink, yellow, and white, all with small yellow stamens at the center. Need sun to part shade, average to occasional summer watering, average to good drainage. Frost hardy. Mediterranean. Cistaceae. rev 4/2008

'Ben Nevis'  flowers   a rich orange, with red orange eye. Green leaves. rev 7/2009
'Dazzler'  closeup   a "black" red, dark enough that the petal tissue of older flowers can die under hot, full sun conditions. The intense red makes the bright yellow stamens in the center a worthwhile feature. A great color, fun to site in your garden. rev 4/2008 
'Golden Nugget'  perky golden yellow flowers  lots of golden yellow flowers in spring, narrow dark green leaves look good all year. About 12" tall and 18" wide. rev 5/2012-Suzy Brooks 
'Henfield Brilliant'  flowers    brilliant orange red against grey. rev 4/2010
'Wisley Pink'    closeup    clear pink flowers against grey, tomentose foliage. rev 4/2008
'Wisley Primrose'    closeup    more flowers    clear dark yellow flowers, grey foliage. rev 4/2008

Helianthus angustifolius (salicifolius)   flowers en masse      more flowers en masse  a deciduous perennial to 3', bearing a heavy show of tall terminal sprays of dark yellow flowers to 2" across, with dark centers. Mid-summer to fall bloom, and just stunning when in full flower. Sun, liberal watering, frost hardy. This will probably be very happy in boggy but not submarine conditions. It certainly is not drought tolerant, and needs average watering. Compositae/Asteraceae. Eastern and Central U.S. All California zones. rev 6/2014 (not currently in production)

Helichrysum splendidum  very close   a silvery grey, wooly shrub for hot, dry places with clusters of small, yellow everlasting flowers. About 3' tall and wide, average to little watering. Looks good in masses, groups, or in containers. Nice contrast to the dark green of rosemary. Sunset zones 16-24/USDA 9. rev 11/2013-Suzy Brooks (not currently in production)

Heliconia schiedeana ‘Fire and Ice’   flower spike   Richard Josephson's yard    Adventureland Jungle Cruise   plants in this genus are Bird of Paradise relatives grown for dramatic foliage and tropical flowers, usually highly colored, large, and in a zig zag pattern. the best cool growing Heliconia currently in the trade, and the hardiest. It survived the impressive 1998 freeze in Santa Cruz (five nights at an honest 25°F), and foliage can take 28°F for short periods without damage. It has large, luxuriant, oval, rich emerald green leaves to almost three feet long and 9" wide under the best conditions (warm, moist, nice rich soil) and can reach over 5' tall. It forms a spreading clump and can make an impressive bank of neatly arranged, arching, pendant leaves. Flowers are very conspicuous, bright yellow against deep red stalks, in typical zig zag clusters about 12-18" above the leaves instead of hanging pendantly beneath the foliage like many other species. Since they are terminally produced late in fall on second year stalks, if the stalks burn down with frost in either year you aren't going to see flowers. You will still have one of the best tropical foliage plants around, though. Use this plant as a bold focal point subject or as a background “tropical jungle” filler. Takes full sun along the coast, but will grow in much shade and needs at least some in hot, scorching inland areas. Doesn't seem to get wind-shredded leaves like many other relatives, but they will be at their best with at least some protection. Roots may survive down near 20°F and will take USDA zone 8b most years. Likes rich soil and regular watering. Eastern Mexico. Classified variously as Heliconiaceae, Strelitziaceae, or Musaceae, depending on your preference. rev 4/2005

Helictotrichon sempervirens
BLUE OAT GRASS   habit   groundcover   evergreen bunchgrass to 24-30" tall, 36" wide. Blades are narrow, blue grey with powdery white bloom. Older leaves turn straw yellow in winter. Bold, dependable, large scale ornamental grass, one of the best and most popular varieties. As far as I can tell the variety 'Sapphire' is identical in appearance and growth to the unnamed trade "species" form, at least in California. In the Northwest plant enthusiasts insist it is superior. Sun, little summer watering, frost hardy. Europe. Graminae/Poaceae. rev 4/2005

Heliotropium arborescens ‘Fragrant Delight’ HELIOTROPE   flowers closeup   habit   we are now growing this variety instead of our previous form, ‘Black Beauty,’ because it has the same fragrance but a much better growth habit. Its flowers are slightly lighter purple. It is an evergreen to deciduous perennial to 3’ tall grown for its pleasantly vanilla-like fragrant purple flowers, which are held in large, flat clusters for most of the year. Sun to part shade, average watering. Excellent in containers. Freezes to the ground at 25°F. Peru. Boraginaceae. rev 10/2003

Helleborus CHRISTMAS ROSE, LENTEN ROSE evergreen to deciduous perennials.  Europe, Asia, Mediterranean.  Ranunculaceae.

'Anna's Red'     amazing flowers!    amazing leaves!   amazing pink veins!   amazing color!  produces wonderful, warm, deep red flower color on a plant with a strong, vigorous growth habit. Flower stalks show very good length for us here, ALWAYS, even with very warm, essentially no-chill falls and winters so far. Perhaps most importantly, this beauty features lustrous, leathery dark green leaves with conspicuous and classy silver veins, tinted salmon pink with cold when young, then maturing to gold. As leaves are about all you see of hellebores for most of the year, that means this variety ranks way up there on our top secret "California-list. And that's even before you catch your first glimpse of that awesome flower color. Is this my new favorite? Please, someone tell me! Help!  Grows to 12-15" tall and 24" wide. An easy to grow, very rewarding perennial that requires little maintenance. Part shade or shade, regular to average watering. All Sunset zones/USDA 5. rev 1/2017

argutifolius (lividus corsicus) CORSICAN HELLEBORE   flowers   masses of flowers   perennial garden planting   glaucous foliage seedling   dark blue green foliage seedling c  lumping deciduous perennial bears large, palmate, toothed grey green leaves and clusters of cupped greenish white flowers to 1" across in winter and spring. I think its best use is as a strong foliage plant. Part shade to shade, at least average to good drainage, average to little summer watering. Mediterranean. rev 10/2003

'Silver Lace'   foliage   an especially silvery, fine textured form, from tissue culture. rev 8/2005
variegated   foliage   leaves speckled with white. Limited supply. rev 8/2005
'Double Ellen'  a new seedling strain that has been reliably double for us so far, with flowers ranging from lightly to heavily multipetaled. Colors can vary substantially thin a named variety as well, so when we have them you'll see multiple images. rev 9/2017
picotee   picotee   picotee     pink spotted    pink    purple    red
'Frostkiss Molly's White'   flowers  rounded, cupped, dusky coral pink buds open to widely flared, outward-facing, very white flowers, with perky green shading on the petal faces. Very large, tough leaves are wonderfully marbled with gold, flower stems are deep burgundy. Lots going on, all of it very nice! To 12-24" tall, 24" wide. Late January to February bloom for us. USDA zone 5.

HGC Series ("Helleborus Gold Collection") CHRISTMAS ROSE HYBRIDS  a series of hybrid selections, all of which seem to involve H. niger somehow. None are actually straight derivations of that species, besides what the company's patent labels may say. Perhaps in Europe, claiming your variety is H. niger may be a marketing feature? Besides its famous large, very heavy-textured flowers that species also has the cold hardiness needed for most countries that H. orientalis lacks. Here in California and Oregon claiming H. orientalis for heritage would be more beneficial, as those selections are usually better adapted to our drier, warmer Mediterranean climates and though variable, are generally much less chill-dependent. Also, unlike H. niger, which after going dormant its first winter never reappears, many of these new varieties come back more larger and better in subsequent years. (If they don't, we drop them!!) Another very important feature is that their foliage is tough and almost uniformly dark green or blue green, often highly marked in an extremely attractive fashion, and their growht habits are always compact, whether low or midsized. You'll see some of these offered in full bloom as seasonal indoor gift/holiday items, similar to poinsettias or mums, as early as late November. They do well for that purpose in  cool, bright indoor situations, and many can become excellent garden plants afterwards. Those thick, leathery leaves are also highly deer resistant, and I've never lost a hellebore to a gopher (yet!). Best in part or dappled sun, but can take full sun with moderate irrigation. In full shade they often bloom poorly and slowly decline. USDA 5/Sunset 1-7, 14-24. rev 2/2017

'Camelot'  flowers   deep, dusky rose buds open to creamy white, then age back to dark coral rose and hold on the stems for an extended season of color. Much like an improved 'Ivory Prince,' but much better warm-winter performance. Dark, tough, ornamental foliage, very compact group. rev 2/2017
'Champion'    Spring Trials 2011   flowers, closeup    tough, durable, dark blue green foliage    large sprays of big, open-faced, white to greenish white flowers, aging to blush pink, are displayed against wonderful light burgundy red stems and leaf petioles. This one looks like it has H. argutifolius, or perhaps even H. x. sternii  (those red stems!) in its background, with its slightly greyish foliage and finely toothed leaf margins. To 15-18" tall, blooms late December through March for us. USDA zone 4/Sunset zones 1-8, 14-24. rev 2/2017

'Ice and Roses Red'  enticing  very deep, dark sultry red flowers on long stalks held above the foliage, robust growth, large, boldly veined, dark, almost black-green leaves. Lots to hold interest all year with this variety.
rev 3/2017

'Love Bug'  just opening!   rounded, very dark coral pink buds opened in February for us to display warm white to pale yellow flowers, heavily blushed with light coral pink and pastel green. Foliage is compact and hard, leaves are dark, rich, grey green against deep cranberry stems. A very compact grower, to just 12-15" tall and wide. USDA zone 5. rev 2/2017
'Ivory Prince'   at Cistus Nursery, Portland   flower closeup  marbled, glaucous grey green leaves, dark wine red petioles and stems, compact habit, ruddy wine red buds opening to white then greenish white flowers. Plants are more robust in their second and subsequent years, and flower stalks will eventually reach to 12-18". This is a distinctive plant and worth having around for its foliage alone. This variety requires a strong, dependable chill! It is short  rev 2/2017

orientalis  LENTEN ROSE   habit   closeup   another color   another color   another color  this clumping almost evergreen perennial bears palmate, dark green leaves to 24" tall, with white to burgundy flowers, usually spotted, to 1 1/2" across in late winter or spring. Leaves slowly drop over winter, then flower stalks push through beginning in December and continuing through April depending on individual seedling variation, characteristics of the various strains, and the climate where they are growing. Part shade to shade, average to little summer watering. Asia Minor. rev 1/2013

"The Ellens"

Double Ellen Picotee    flower 2   flower 3   stunning! a wide range of stunning colors, spots and shapes. rev 2/2017
Double Ellen Pink   exquisite! rev 2/2017
Double Ellen Pink Spotted    peerless! rev 2/2017
Double Ellen Purple   sublime! Dark to light magenta flowers, doubled, with a center of ivory stamens. About 14" tall and clumping. Flowers can be floated in a bowl of water to enjoy. rev 2/2017
Double Ellen Red   unparalleled! rev 2/2017

Pretty Ellen Red     the acme! Deep, smoky, maroon red, single flowers. Good vigor and flower-stem extension. rev 2/2017
Pretty Ellen Purple     the ne plus ultra! Sultry violet purple flowers, with a bluish cast on the reverse. rev 2/2017

Northwest Hybrids  an amazing color range of deep black-purple, dark burgundy reds, apricot-oranges, rust, green with black markings, and white with dramatic maroon markings. Semidoubles are sprinkled in too, or can be ordered separately. Other sources sell second and third generation knockoffs and spinoffs of these original hybrids from the hottest breeder in the Pacific Northwest but we are happy to be the first California nursery to offer these first generation seedlings. These are the latest developments in Hellebore breeding. rev 1/2013

Amethyst Gem      double light lavender pink. rev 6/2016
Amethyst Glow      rich, purple coloring with a pink edge on these single flower. rev 4/2014-Suzy Brooks 
Apricot Blush    apricot yellow and pink, with light green to almost golden foliage when young, becoming darker with age. These are being slowly selected to retain their bright golden yellow foliage for more off season interest. rev 1/2013
Berry Swirl   double violet reds. rev 10/2017
Black Diamond   in Ernie and Marietta's garden     maroon-black to smoky blue black, with a powdery white coating. Sublime. rev 1/2013
Blue Diamond   single blue-blacks, with a powdery blue-white coating. rev 10/2017
Cherry Blossom       semidoubles to full doubles, white heavily marked rose pink to rose red on the edges. Awesome. rev 1/2013
Cotton Candy      in Chiqa's hands   another individual   softest salmon pink, double. rev 2/2015
Double Painted   double light to medium pink with darker spots, quite variable as to doubling and size/density of spots. rev 10/2017
Golden Lotus    double to semidouble pale apricot to soft yellows, often with reddish reverses or petal margins. rev 10/2017
Golden Sunrise      clear light yellow, with light green to golden green foliage, especially when young. rev 1/2013
Jade Star  single pale green petals, with a powdery white cast, are flushed and veined deep maroon violet towards the centers. rev 6/2016
Painted
      whites, petals broadly marked with deep maroon to red in the centers of the petals. rev 1/2013
Peppermint Ice   double pink and white bicolored flowers. rev 10/2017
Ruby Wine    single deep, intense violet reds. rev 10/2017
Sparkling Diamond    a double white of the utmost clarity and perfection, petals often ruffled and fluted. Flowers are rarely flushed pink towards the center. rev 6/2016
White Lady Spotted    large single white flowers, with maroon lightly spotted to forming a single large central blotch. rev 10/2017
White Pearl     single pure white flowers, and some may have a frilly center too. rev 4/2014-Suzy Brooks

'Penny's Pink'   single flower, leaf    whole bunch!a very promising, strong performer for us, also a favorite of the staff at Cabrillo College, after trialing many. This is a very good, vigorous, tall, deep rose red which has performed well for us the past three warm winters. As all hellebores seem to perform well here in our colder years, varieties like this one, which produce tall flower stalks every year, and don't slowly decline in vigor from our subtropical winter cycles, are by far the best choices for most California gardens. That color is of course the main feature, but the burgundy petioles and flower stems, and large, tough leaves marbled strikingly with broad gold veins make it valuable and eye-catching all year. Plant many! USDA zone 5. rev 2/2017

sternii   blooming, closeup   habit   leaf and stem detail  also listed as "x sternii," a hybrid of the silvery H. argutifolius with the reddish toned H. lividus. Grown for its burgundy tinted stems and leaf margins and reddish flowers.

Hemerocallis hybrids DAYLILY tough deciduous or evergreen rhizomatous plants for sun or mostly shade, often needing little summer watering. They often form large clumps, and can be used as a large scale groundcover. Colors range from yellow and orange through chartreuse, white, pink, lavender, burgundy maroon, purple, and red. While they are raised from Maine (some varieties) to Florida, and Seattle to San Diego, in the end daylilies like warm days. They also like warm nights, or at least evenings. Performance in cool coastal areas or other regions lacking summer heat will be poorer than in those areas with a more continental climate. Sunset zones 1-24. Mediterranean. Liliaceae. rev 3/2003

    Daylily petal color is determined by several factors present before the flower opens. The best daylily colors come with cooler daytime temperatures, night temperatures above 60°F, and relatively high humidity. Soil temperature also seems to be important. Plants in containers, especially in warmer areas, can be expected to be more melon-toned than when in the ground. Temperatures warmer or cooler than optimum will produce paler, colors. Delicate "watermarkings" on the petals may be lost except under ideal growing conditions. Just as importantly, high pH can affect colors, so soil pH above 6-6.5 will also result in some pinks and lavenders washing out to melon or orange. We have noticed that plants in the ground can have flowers twice the size of what is seen in containers, so expect flower size to increase substantially after the plant is established.

    Daylily breeders have made great strides in improving flower shape, color, substance, vigor and compactness. We have been continually upgrading our daylily varieties the last three years, and now carry almost exclusively varieties that rebloom well here. Below are most of the varieties we expect to have this year:

DECIDUOUS:

'Butterfly Charm'   cheery flowers   stout stems hold multiple buds, opening to fragrant, deep yellow flowers on this dwarf deciduous (according to our rep Keith, who has grown it at his house north of Sacramento) reblooming variety. To about 18" tall, with arching foliage. Besides using it in garden beds and pots it is a nice addition to the veggie and herb garden if you want to use the thick petals in salads and as garnishes. These are nicely fragrant, mild, and of pleasant texture, much better than many I have tasted. rev 10/2011 
‘Gentle Shepherd’   closeup   lots of flowers  the best “white” daylily. To 30" tall. Great summer bloomer too. rev 7/2007
‘Magic Masquerade’  flowers  best dark eyed ‘Stella d'Oro’ type available, but a larger and more vigorous grower, to 2’ tall. Often semievergreen, usually very heavy blooming. Excellent.
‘Outrageous’  flower  a large, striking, intense orange with a dark zone in the center. Good summer rebloom. rev 7/2007
‘Play Money’  flower  a small to miniature variety, somewhat like ‘Stella d'Oro’ but faster growing and more floriferous. Deep golden yellow flowers to 3" across are profusely produced through the growing season.
‘Purple Rain’  flowers  bright purple flowers to 3" with a darker central zone, to about 12" tall. Long season of color. rev 7/2007
‘Siloam Shocker’  closeup  a deciduous variety with light buff flowers to 3 1/2" across, accented with a dark raspberry central zone and a green throat. Petals are nicely ruffled. A compact grower to no more than 2' tall and a heavy bloomer. rev 5/2005

EVERGREEN:

'Baby Darling'   closeup   "purple" flowers (deep burgundy rose, darker in warm-summer climates) with a darker central zone. Small stature, evergreen, repeat bloom, to just 18" tall. Cute! rev 8/2010
'Big Gold'  flower  an unnamed seedling, bears golden orange flowers to 6" wide with thick, durable petals. Reblooms. rev 7/2007
‘Coming Up Roses’  flowers  ruffled rose pink flowers to 3 1/2", up to 25 buds, rebloomer. To 30". Strong summer rebloomer. rev 7/2007
‘Cranberry Baby’  flowers  semievergreen mini to 12". Bears ruffled cranberry pink flowers with a darker eye, to 3". Extended bloom,
‘Crystal Cupid’  flowers  mini, growing to 14" tall. Bears lemon yellow flowers to 2" across.
'Irish Elf'   bloom   small buds produce 2" lemon yellow flowers on grassy leaves. A rebloomer too! 12-14" tall. rev 10/2010
‘Loving Memory’    flower    a "white" variety, with large, pale yellow flowers. Everblooming. 
'Little Business   raspberry red flower    this 'Business' doesn't need much taking care of! Raspberry red flowers on a dwarf selecion to just about 15" tall, nice and compact. Rebloomer too! A nice addition in groups or as a grassy clump accent plant. Semi-evergreen. rev 8/2011-Suzy Brooks 
'Monterey Bay Monarch'     flower  large, warm apricot flowers, with deeper orange red zoning at the center, deeply beaded rim. A good rebloomer, to 18" tall. rev 2/2016 MBN INTRODUCTION-2016
Monterey Harlequin'   gold and maroon blossom  intermediate height, and intermediate-sized flowers to 3" across that are marked deep maroon in the center. Nice presentation and petal-edge ruffle, good vigor and flower production. rev 6/2016
'Mini Pearl'
  closeup  melon pink flowers with a yellow throat. Small stature, evergreen, repeat bloom, to just 16-18" tall. rev 8/2010
‘Scarlet Orbit’  flower  brilliant red flowers to 6" wide, rebloomer. To 22".
Selma Timmons’  closeup  full, broad, heavy textured, apricot orange petals, with a narrow pink central stripe on each, and a heavily beaded, frilled edge. About 18" tall, evergreen, early to midseason plus it reblooms, flowers to about 4 1/2" across. Excellent!
'Small Gesture'   double flowers   a real cutie with semi-double to double flowers of melon with a rose colored eye and a green throat. About 16" tall and a rebloomer. So easy to grow in the garden or in containers. rev 1/2011
'Stella Bella'  flower  an evergreen version of 'Stella d'Oro,' itself a great variety that isn't quite as great in California. This one does better, has nice dark green foliage, is evergreen below freezing, and has deep yellow to gold flowers to about 2" across on a  plant less than 12" tall. rev 9/2009
'Strawberry Pudding'  closeup  compact, bright pink, with a yellow eye.  rev 7/2006
'Sunkissed Pink Lemonade' deep rose pink, darker zone surrounds yellow eye. Compact, repeat blooming. rev 7/2006
'Tiger Time' PP 12,445   closeup  3" orange flowers with a distinctive reddish zoning in the center, up to 35 buds per scape and self cleaning. Foliage is very rust resistant. To 3'. rev 6/2005
 Yellow with Eye  flower  unnamed semievergreen seedling has large yellow flowers with a violet red eye.

Hemionitis arifolia  fronds  a charming little subtropical evergreen fern that bears large, hear-shaped fronds to about 4" long on hard, black petioles. To just about 4-6" tall and wide, it prefers small containers and spaces and neutral to alkaline soils. It will form babies on the leaf veins with age. Fertile fronds are longer than sterile fronds and slightlydimporphic. Southeast Asia. Polypodiacea. Protect from frost until further notice. rev 10/2007 

Hesperaloe parviflora RED YUCCA  Thunder Mountain    flowers  not a yucca, but looks like one, and the narrow flowers are indeed light red. Forms a clump, to about 3' tall and wide, of V shaped blue green leaves to about 1" thick. The leaf margins have attractive, curly white fibers which erode from the edges but remain attached. A central flower stalk, to 4-5' tall, appears in summer. Generally somewhat sparse and open, but that is part of the attraction. Seems to grow well in cool climates but it is slow. Does very well in very hot, desert-like conditions. Good drainage needed. Great in containers. U.S. Southwest. Agavaceae. rev 1/2008

Heteromeles arbutifolia    TOYON    berries   a tough native evergreen shrub, to 6-10’ tall and wide. Bears dark green, slightly toothed leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers. Showy clusters of berries  turn deep red in late fall and usually last through late winter. Sun to part shade, good drainage, little or no summer watering, frost hardy. This is an extremely drought tolerant plant when established. California. Rosaceae. rev 2/2016

Heuchera compact clumping perennials used singly, as edging, or massed for flower show or more recently stunning foliage. All are probably best in at least part shade with good drainage. All are good in containers, and some of the foliage varieties make for some of the best mixed planters. All are very hardy, USDA zones 4 and up. Most need some kind of strong vernalization or they decline within a year or two. Saxifragaceae. rev 2/2003

'Amber Lady'     glowing leaves   just beautiful colors, peach, pink, silver, and rose in these ruffled leaves! An easy, rewarding perennial for part sun or shade. 12-14" tall and wide, blends well with grasses or other Heucheras in borders, beds, or containers. USDA zone 4. rev 3/2016-Suzy Brooks
'Amethyst Mist' foliage  dark burgundy heavily laced with silver. Tiny pink flowers in  late spring. Persistent. rev 4/2010
'Binoche'    somber foliage   very dark reddish brown leaves with maroon undersides grow 12-15" tall with white flowers in the summer. Easy to grow and maintain, blends easily with other plants in containers, beds, sun, or shade. Try it along a path or in front of roses. Average watering. Sunset zones 1-9, 14-24/USDA 5. rev 3/2013-Suzy Brooks 
'Blackout'  PP 20,613 CORAL BELLS  tiny flowers  nearly black, shiny. silver veined leaves and rounded edges and a bright maroon reverse add some wonderful contrast to the garden or containers. Makes a tidy little mound 8-10" tall, 12-14" wide. Will take mostly sun or mostly shade. Evergreen and easy to maintain. Looks good with grasses, rocks, in groups, and as an accent. Creamy flowers are produced in summer. rev 8/2011-Suzy Brooks
'Carnival Coffee Bean'  warm leaves, pink flowers  not only beautifully colored leaves, all the shades of coffee and cream, but the tall flowers are dark pink and white. A mound of foliage 10-12" tall, 14" wide, perfect for that transition zone between sun and shade. rev 4/2014-Suzy Brooks 
'Carnival Fall Festival'    autumn tones    beautiful colors of orange, pink, gold, followed by green and silver. About 10-12" tall and 12-14" wide, this charming perennial will take some sun or bright shade with average watering. White flowers in summer for the hummingbirds. USDA 5. rev 4/2015-Suzy Brooks 
'Carnival Limeade'   foliage detail  pretties colors, like a lime sherbet and vanilla popsicle, just calling out to live near some dark, green grass for contrast. Takes heat, being a H. villosa hybrid, and likes morning sun or shade. About 12-14" tall and wide, average watering. Good choice for the garden or in containers. All Sunset zones/USDA 5. rev 1/2014-Suzy Brooks
'Carnival Plum Crazy'   silvery purple    these jagged leaves are silver and maroon with dark veins and burgundy undersides. Easy care perennial for morning sun or shade, growing 10-12" tall. Creamy white flowers in summer for the hummingbirds. rev 4/2015-Suzy Brooks
'Carnival Watermelon'  peachy keen  another one of the Carnival series with very pretty leaves, pink and peachy with darker veins aging to bronze green. Easy to grow, low maintenance and with H. villosa as a parent, it tolerates heat and humidity. About 10-12" tall, 12-14" wide. Flowers attract hummingbirds too. Morning sun or bright shade, average watering. Sunset zones 1-24/USDA 4.  rev 2/2014-Suzy Brooks 
‘Crimson Curls’ PP 13,729  leaves  a very popular variety, with large, crinkly, maroon purple leaves with finely curled edges. Flowers are white against stems the same color as the leaves. Takes sun well. Can form dense clumps to over 2' across. This is probably the most persistent of all the foliage type Coral Bells and is a reliable perennial even in mild winter climates. rev 12/2004.
'Harvest Burgundy' CORAL BELLS  leaves   really pretty leaf of silver, green, and maroon on this easy to grow perennial. Sprays of white flowers attract hummingbirds and are great cut flowers. About 14" tall and 20" wide, it makes a lovely border plant in part shade or full shade. Nice evergreen choice for containers too. rev 1/2013-Suzy Brooks 
'Harvest Lemon Chiffon'   PP 19,033   new leaves   a new Heuchera that begins with yellow foliage and turns chartreuse for the season, sending up slender stalks of coral pink flowers in summer. Blends well with other varieties and is very attractive in a mixed group. About 12-16" tall, 24" wide. Softens the edge of a walkway or takes that spot that gets morning sun and afternoon shade. Average water. Sunset zones 1-9, 14-24/USDA 4. rev 1/2011
'Hercules'  foliage  this one is known for its strength, stout and strong, with dark red flowers in summer. Leaves are green, marbled with cream, grows in a clump about 12-14" tall and wide. Makes a fine border plant, especially in a sun going into shade location, since it will take both. Easy to grow and maintain. rev 7/2011-Suzy Brooks
'Mars'   wonderful foliage   part of the Planet Collection of Heucheras, 'Mars' has a pale lavender leaf with scalloped edges and dark veins. A wonderful, evergreen foliage plant for part shade. Easy to grow. Looks great in a mass, mixed with other heucheras, and with grasses. In more sun, give it more water. Bright shade is fine too. Hummingbirds like the little white flowers on the slender stalks. Sunset zones 1-9, 12-24/USDA 4.  rev 2/2011
'Melting Fire'  the fire  the 'fire' is the bright red new growth and it 'melts' into the older foliage that has turned maroon. Spikes of white flowers in early summer delight the humminbirds and can be used in bouquets. About 12-15" tall and wide. Dark red stems and ruffled edges add to the complete package. Sun or bright shade, average watering. Sunset zones 1-9, 14-24. rev 5/2012-Suzy Brooks 
'Old La Rouchette'   why you grow it - Filoli, Mother's Day 2011    flowers closeup    leaves    an old, tough variety, tolerating relatively dry shade but still with large, pretty, lobed leaves of the newer and more delicate fancy hybrids and a show-stopping flower display as well. Grows about 2' tall and wide, displays a heavy show of salmon pink flowers on tall stalks in spring. They attract hummingbirds and make nice cut flowers. Good choice for growing under native plants, needing little watering once established. Part shade. Sunset zones 15-24/USDA 9. Available in 1 gallon containers this week. rev 1/2013 
'Peppermint Spice' PP18009  great green  silvery green leaves with maroon veining and rose pink flowers for part or full shade. Leaves turn reddish orange in fall. About 8" tall, 12" wide, flowers to 18" tall, for hummingbirds or to add to bouquets. Average watering. Sunset zones 1-9, 14-24/USDA 4. rev 4/2014-Suzy Brooks 
'Pinot Gris' PP19592   salmon, silver and chartreuse  a wonderful foliage plant with rounded leaves of orange and silver aging to a rosy salmon. Creamy flowers in summer. Grows about 10-12" tall, twice as wide. rev 8/2014-Suzy Brooks
'Pistache' PP 19,585   foliage  light green leaves age to light yellow then tawny pink with cool weather. Tiny flowers are white. rev 4/2010 
‘Plum Pudding’  foliage detail  plum purple leaves the color of pudding, with a violet overlay. Overall, this one has a dark maroon or burgundy color, especially in the sun. Good vigor. Moderately cut and frilled leaf margin. rev 5/2007
'Redstone Falls' PP22394   warm, warm colors   this cross between Heuchera and Tiarella is a great one for spilling over hanging baskets, walls, containers, or as groundcover. Warm autumn colors show throughout the year - not just in fall! Sun or shade, average watering. To about 10" tall and 2-3' wide.Sunset zones 4-10, 12-24/USDA 7. rev 2/2014-Suzy Brooks 
'Regina'     real rain speckled foliage    another great Heuchera to mix or mass as groundcover or edging in sun or shade. Scalloped burgundy and silver leaves make a colorful mound of  foliage and send up stalks to 3' with pink flowers, just what the hummingbirds ordered! rev 3/2012-Suzy Brooks
'Renoir'   soft chartreuse    another of the 'Master Painters' series, this one with red veins on yellow leaves turning to orange in the fall. Compact, 10-12" tall with pink flowers in summer. Part shade, average watering. All Sunset zones/USDA 5. rev 3/2014-Suzy Brooks
sanguinea Ruby Bells   intense red flowers   instead of foliage, this variety is grown for its fragrant, dark red flowers that appear in early summer. (I know it is hard to believe, but once upon a time Heucheras were primarily raised for their flowers.) They make a nice cut flower and attract hummingbirds. The foliage is dark green and forms a handsome clump 12" tall and wide. Part sun or shade, average watering, Sunset zones 1-9, 14-24. rev 6/2011
'Snow Angel'   at Cistus Nursery   leaves   winter leaves   flowers   leaves speckled to heavily marbled with ivory white. Bright red flowers above. Smaller scale, less vigorous. But dependably perennial especially with a nice, proper winter. rev 4/2010
‘Stormy Seas’  foliage detail   humble, airy flowers  another large, vigorous, dependable grower, this variety has deep violet burgundy foliage, aging to dark bronzy green with ashy grey and a rosy violet cast. The undersides are bright burgundy violet. The leaves tend to angle towards the sun, so in fall, winter and spring this variety exhibits substantial color from light passing through the leaf and illuminating the underside. Nicely cut foliage too! The flowers are totally petalless, white and green, against dark maroon stalks that are quite robust and can reach 3'. rev 8/2002
'Swirling Fantasy' PP 14,542   new leaves    scalloped leaves of purple and pewter are host to tall stems of red flowers on this particular Coral Bell. Have you ever seen various kinds of these together? They blend quite well, like colors on a tabby cat. And one of the best things about these Heucheras is that you can plant the same thing from sun to shade along a wall or walkway, since they'll take both. About 12" tall and 15-20" wide. rev 3/2012-Suzy Brooks
‘Velvet Night’  foliage close up   border  deep, smoky, ash grey with rosy tones, deep violet purple undersides, a flat finish to the upper leaf surface, and a low, spreading, compact habit. The darkest of cultivars, or so they say. Flowers are whitish and particularly inconspicuous. You just want this one for its leaves. Vigorous, persistent, dependable. rev 1/2003
'Venus'  leaves   a robust landscape form with silvery green leaves marbled with taupe and defined by maroon veins. White flowers can make a decent show in late winter on established plants. Fast, vigorous, substantial, to about 12" tall by 16" across. rev 4/2011
'Vulcano'    warm, cozy color    they just keep getting prettier! This beauty is peachy orange with silver on top, growing about 8-12" tall and up to 16" wide. Deep pink flowers in summer. Give it shade or part shade with average watering. All Sunset zones/USDA 4. rev 2/2014-Suzy Brooks

Heucherella   a hybrid genus derived from Heuchera and Tiarella, with a little less in the way of flowers but lots in the way of foliage. Generally quite frost hardy, need rich, moist soil and average watering. rev 3/2014

'Kimono' PP12154   FOAMY BELLS   maple leaf shaped leaves are green with dark veins, grow larger and rounder in summer and offer some fall color. Light pink fls in summer. About 18" tall, it wants sun to part shade, avg to reg. water. USDA zone 4/Sunset all zones. rev 5/2015-Suzy Brooks 
'Sunspot' PP14825    leaves  coarsely lobed maple-like leaves, emerging chartreuse then aging to golden yellow in strong light, with a maroon star at the center of the leaf. Trim spikes to 16" tall bearing small, candy pink flowers are produced in spring. Sunset zones 4-7, 14-17, 23-24/USDA zones 4-9. rev 3/2014 
'Tapestry'      also green and red, but different  scalloped leaves are bluer in spring, then green, with dark veins, then pink flowers arise in early summer. A good choice for part or complete shade in the garden or containers. To about 7" tall, spreading to a foot or more across. Nice with an orange variety of Heuchera. All Sunset zones/USDA 5. rev 4/2014-Suzy Brooks

Hibanobambusa tranquillans 'Shiroshima'  foliage detail    Yacht Harbor containers  the only species in the genus, it was found on Mt. Hibano and is supposed to be a hybrid of Phyllostachys nigra 'Henon' and Sasa veitchii tyugokensis. This named strain is the variegated form and grows as a moderately vigorous runner to about 16' tall, with stems to 1 1/4" thick, and large, 10" long dark green leaves strongly striped ivory white. It makes a great container plant and is especially striking against a dark wall or aged wood. Hardy to 0°F. rev 6/2004 

Himalayacalamus a genus of cool growing, clumping bamboos native to Asia. Many are fine textured and offer wonderfully colored culms. 
Graminae/Poaceae. rev 12/2009 

falconerii ‘Damarapa’ CANDY STRIPE BAMBOO  striped stems    at Strybing    at Blue Bamboo Nursery, summer  a wonderful, lush, fast growing clumping variety to 12-20' tall, with 1" culms. The new culms emerge deep coral pink and age to bright green with tawny yellow stripes. This variety is very similar in superficial appearance to Bambusa multiplex ‘Alphonse Karr,’ but that variety has conspicuously bluish leaf undersides, is not as rich a color when emerging, likes more sun, and has a darker green mature leaf color. In addition, the leaves often show a faint, broad silvery streak in the center of the upper surface as well as occasional fine white lines. This species is also even faster, and quickly fills in spaces and reaches to its mature height given enough light, water, and fertilizer. Its dense billows of soft foliage are particularly pleasing against its striped stems, and it makes a full container plant if you can give it enough water, better than most other bamboos. It likes at least part shade and does well in bright indirect light, but it will suffer in dark shade. It tends to bleach in full, hot sun or where it has reflected light. Give it average to rich soil, at least some summer watering, and high-nitrogen feeding if its leaf color or vigor are not to your liking. Remember, this is really just another giant grass so feed accordingly! This species was misidentified and formerly offered for sale in this country as Drepanostachyum hookerianum. Its young shoots are edible. Listed as frost hardy to 15°F, so it may be worth a try up to USDA zone 8/Sunset zone 5. Consider it reliable from Sunset zones 8-9, 14-24. Find more info on bamboo in general here. Himalayas. rev 12/2009 

hookerianum ‘Teague's Blue’ BLUE BAMBOO  most of why you grow it    more stems    winter stems   young plant at Blue Bamboo Nursery    lower Eastside    real, true 'Teague's Blue,' the real deal, direct from Chris Stapleton. If it's good enough for Chris, it's good enough for us. However I still believe most of the color differences seen from plant to plant relate to climate and soil, with better color and foliage in richer, moister soils in cooler, more humid Northern California. This is a fast, stiffly upright, narrow grower to 15-30', with long graceful leaves, and dense stems to about 1" thick. With age it can form rather large, imposing clumps. Most mature plantings I know of have been hacked back at some point as they outgrow the usually too-small original planting space. The new culms emerge a wonderful powdery, almost turquoise blue color, with lavender tones thrown in. It is this unusually beautiful color that makes this bamboo so desirable and highly sought after. It prominently retains its culm sheathes until the joints produce a cluster of branchlets, when it is pushed off. With age the culms lighten to pale olive green to blonde, with red or maroon colors after they ahve been exposed to cold. Another nice feature is its foliage, which besides being naturally very dark blue green often has silvery markings on the upper leaf surfaces. The leaves are also quite willing to move with the direction of the prevailing breeze, and tend to hang loosely, parallel with the ground, as opposed to being held stiffly  in species such as Phyllostachys aurea. They go with the flow. Full sun to part shade, average watering, at least average drainage, should take frost to a little below 20°F. It is markedly faster and larger in rich, moist, deep soils than in mineral, dry or nutrien-deficient soils. It certainly appreciates top mulch. In its native range the mature culms are used for production of woven or thatched products. Sunset zones 5-9, 14-24/USDA zone 8a. Native to high elevations in the Himalayas. rev 7/2009

porcatus   NEPALESE BLUE BAMBOO  new stems    more stems    at the Huntington    at Blue Bamboo   raindrops    foliage detail    this is a dense, medium size, upright growing, clumping species that can be recognized by its powdery white coating on the new culms, aging light grey green to pale olive. Despite the common name don't think its culms are anywhere near as blue as H. hookerianus, Blue Bamboo, but is still a fine subject in its own right. It reaches only about 15-20' tall, with stems to 3/4", and it doesn't fall or arch over, making it great for narrow locations or use along walkways, driveways, tight areas, etc. Because of its limited but reliable height and predictable horizontal spreadit is one of the best screening choices, but with age most of its foliage will be above 5' and screening below is from the densely packed stems. Its foliage is typical of the genus, being lush, dark blue green in color, splayed artistically downward, and with a faint, silvery midrib highlight when viewed at an angle against the light. This species is from mid elevations in the Himalayas, and is barely hardy enough to be grown in parts of Oregon and Washington, but expect it to be cut to the ground or killed below 20F. Like most plants in this genus the farther north in California, the happier it is, but there is at least one very nice specimen at the Huntington Botanic Gardens (inland LA basin). Moist, partly shaded conditions in cool summer, warm winter climates yield the most bodacious examples, but adding shade, mulch and water in hot areas takes care of most negativity issues. Sunset zones 8-9, 14-24/USDA zone 9. Nepal. rev 2/2012

Hops (Humulus lupulus)   Huntington Herb Garden    maturing flower clusters    I think you know why you might want some of these in your yard. Our current varieties were all grown from TC, and as far as we know are virus-free, which are your main nemeses (nemesi?nemesises?) when purchasing plants done from cuttings or root cuttings taken from home garden or commercial production mother plants. Always work with clean (mostly bright steel!), bleach-treated clippers, and if you can't treat don't cut! You will need regular, laundry-strength Clorox, or their Cleanup formulation, both of which are near 2% active ingredient, or any other bleach product which can be verified as to strength. Be careful, percent-content is no longer required to be listed on the label. Some commonly-seen formulations are as low as .75%. Full sun, good soil, good drainage, lots of water and fertilizer when established and remember they can stretch to 25' long/tall in a single growing season. We'll leave off for now the fine details of growing, harvesting and curing. Hardy to USDA zone 4, chill requirements = ??? Europe, Western Asia, North America. Cannabaceae. rev 7/2016

'Cascade'   a variegated OSU hybrid of 'Fuggles' and 'Serebrianka.' Reportedly high flavor, 4-6% bitterness. rev 7/2016
'Centennial'  medium yield, 11% bitterness, like 'Cascade' for flavor/aroma. Moderately heavy crops. rev 7/2016
'Chinook'  very good taste/aroma, 11-13% bitterness, moderately heavy crops. rev 7/2016

Hosta   clumping, winter-deciduous perennials, usually featuring large, broad leaves. Hosta varieties are somewhat confused in the trade as far as actual species designation, and correct classification is still being worked out for many. They need part shade to shade under our very clear, bright skies, with good drainage, rich soil, and regular watering until established. They are considered durable, tough, drought tolerant plants back East when established, which for California means “reasonably drought tolerant.” They are all very frost hardy, and many perform best with a strong winter chill. Some varieties (none we grow, as far as we can tell) appear to even decline quickly in the absence of strong vernalization such as you would receive in northern states. Most don't need those huge amounts, however, and in most cases the only result of less than desired vernalization is smaller scale plants than you would see in colder areas such as Portland or back East. Usually you can provide quite a bit of necessary winter chill by simply siting where their planting site will be well shaded in winter and hence protected from ground-warming and chill-negating winter sun. USDA zone 2-9/Sunset zones 1-17, 18-21.

     Other varieties appear to be partially summer dormant, growing during spring and staying evergreen during the heat of summer but shutting down active growth. Recent research has also revealed that many other varieties are the opposite, that is they are obligate very long day plants - they will flower and partially leaf out once chill requirements have been met, but also will fail to put on real growth until days are longer than 14 hours, leaving them easy targets for the slimy hordes of grazing snails and slugs. Others are simple long day growers, meaning they go into active vigorous growth around March 7-15, when sensed daylength is longer than nights. Overall, you are just going to have to accept that in California, with our shorter daylength, and shorter number of very long days, and much lower relative humidity, and generally lower vernalization, that your Hostas are NOT going to look like they do in Ohio or Portland, where they grow huge leaves and get big enough that you could hide in them. They can still be very nice border perennials and striking container plants but they will do it at a smaller scale.

     Failure to control snails seems be THE major reason for their failure to survive in gardens here. They need reliable snail and slug control, which can be as thorough and permanent as a copper barrier or as easy and intermittent as a ring of Deadline every month or so when they are in leaf. For good control try using iron phosphate baits combined with a tic-tac-toe pattern of Deadline striped throughout your garden, especially any areas that show baby snails in spring and fall (indicating egg-laying areas). If you are in cool, foggy areas follow up with stomping because under moist conditions snails and slugs will actually metabolize the poison and just crawl away to graze another day.

     The general rule for how to site the varieties is somewhat opposite of what you would expect: Chartreuse, gold, and variegated forms will take more sun (some full sun), the blues and dark greens generally burn and want the most shade. China, Korea, Japan. Liliaceae. rev 4/2016

‘August Moon’   leaves   veined, textured, heavy leaves are crinkly and puckered, emerge light blue green then age to gold (chartreuse in deep shade). To 2-3' across, a foot or so tall, and takes quite a bit of sun. Flower are white blushed lavender, late summer to early fall boom. Vigorous, easy. rev 2/2003
‘Blue Angel’   leaves   another that could be called “the very best blue,” with powder-coated foliage forming a very large mound or dome to 3-6' across by 1-2' tall. (Expect the lower range at best in most of California.) Very pale lavender flowers are held on 3' spikes in summer. This one wants shade. rev 2/2003
'Christmas Tree' young leaf   a nice, ripply, dark green, heart-shaped leaf with a whitish margin and lavender flowers. The origin of the varietal name is unclear. To about 3' wide (under perfect conditions!!) by about 20" tall, excluding flowers. rev 4/2010 
'Earth Angel'   young quart plant    you tried sing it, didn't you? I know you did. But you couldn't, none of us can, anymore. Can't go that high. This is a creamy-edged sport of the awesome 'Blue Angel,' one of the very most reliable performers here in California. Early emergence (critical!), low chill, leaves are a little harder for snails to chew on. Same powdery, glaucous cast as the parent, same deep ribs, heavy substance and gigantic size. Part sun, moist soils, will tolerate much drier conditions when established (but will never be A-grade drought tolerant, sorry!). Very good in containers, especially with a band of copper tape around the rim. USDA zone 2-9/Sunset zones 1-17, 18-21. rev 4/2016
'First Frost'    award winning foliage    thick, blue grey leaves have a creamy yellow margin that fades to white, lavender flowers appear later in summer. It was Hosta of the Year in 2010! To about 16" tall, 3' wide. Plant in part sun to full shade with regular watering the first year, tougher and less water dependent when established.. Holds it's leaves until first frost. USDA zone 3. rev 6/2016
‘Francee’   leaves   a H. fortunei type with deep green leaves are irregularly margined with clean white, with some jade green overlay at the separation. Flowers are light lavender in summer. A medium size grower to 2-3' across by 12" tall. Striking and very popular. rev 2/2003
‘Frances Williams’   leaves   habit   very wide, heavily veined, quilted, corrugated and puckered blue green leaves with a pale gold to chartreuse margin. Can reach 3-5' across by 30" tall in favored climates and soils. White flowers blushed lavender, summer. Discovered as a seedling in the 1930's and still one of the finest grown. rev 2/2003
‘Gold Standard’   foliage   more foliage  broad, golden chartreuse to pale blonde leaves are heavily veined and quilted and edged in dark green. Color varies by amount of light exposure. A reliable grower for us, it should reach 3-5' wide by 12-18" tall in gardens. Lavender flowers, late summer. rev 2/2003
'Guacamole'  juvenile foliage broad, rounded, nicely rugose, chartreuse green, edged irregularlys with chartreuse. A sport of 'Fragrant Boquet,' with the same large, fragrant, soft lavender flowers. Host of the Year in 2002, to 18-22" tall and wide. Takse some sun. rev 4/2010
'June' deep blue with chartreuse leaf centers, in splashes and streaks. Needs part sun. rev 8/2006 
‘Krossa Regal’  leaves  large growing selection that forms an impressive dome of frosty blue heart shaped leaves. Flowers are lavender on stalks to 5’ tall. rev 2/2003
‘Patriot’  lavender flowers   leaves  a larger grower, this recent selection of excellent vigor has dark glossy green leaves with bold white margins, to 3-4' wide. Flowers are medium lavender in late spring or early summer. Reportedly a tetraploid sport of ‘Francee.’ rev 2/2003
'Potomac Pride'  nursery plants  a fast, very dark, almost black green variety with rounded leaves and a high gloss. Flowers are small, pale lavender. Shade. rev 8/2006 
'Robert Frost' broad heart shaped leaves are deep blue green tastefully brushed ivory in broad strokes along the leaf margins. Typical pale lavender flowers. rev 8/2006 
'Royal Standard'  young leaf  big, somewhat pointed, deeply ribbed leaves, to about 2' across here.  Summer flowers are white and highly fragrant. Rather sun tolerant. rev 4/2010
'Sagae' at maturity, very broad, ruffly blue leaves show edges deeply splashed and margined with soft yellow. Acclaimed by some as the best variegated Hosta. This one can get big, to over 6' back East. Pale lavender flowers. rev 8/2006 
'Shade Fanfare'   clean colors    green, heart shaped, leaves with wide creamy margins provide color and texture to a partial shady spot. With moist, rich soil, and regular watering, expect a clump about 20" tall and wide. Grow along with heucheras, fuchsias, or tiarellas. All Sunset zones/USDA 5. rev 4/2013-Suzy Brooks 
sieboldiana ‘Elegans’  leaves   habit   luxuriant, almost round blue green leaves, heavily veined and textured and with a powdery blue white bloom, form a clump to 3-5' wide by 1-2' tall. Flowers are lavender blush, on shortish spikes, in late summer. Somewhat more snail resistant. rev 2/2003
'Stained Glass' really nice. Large, broadly heart shaped leaves are a wonderful soft yellow color, almost iridescent, each with a neat, defining green edge. A good bloomer too, with light lavender flowers, and they're fragrant! rev 8/2006 
‘Sum and Substance’   nice clump   flowers   H. seiboldiana type. Thick, large, waxy golden leaves are more snail resistant than many other varieties. Vigorous, quick grower, holds up well in summer heat and warmer winters. Lavender flowers. To 4' or more across, by 2' tall, with broad leaves. rev 2/2003
'Sun Power' yellow. Extremely yellow, with no green. Has medium size, long, heart shaped leaves that are yellow. Makes a big bank of yellow foliage. Flowers pale lavender. Leaves are very yellow. rev 8/2006 
‘Wide Brim’  flowers   young plant   nursery foliage  wide luscious blue green leaves with a gold margin, heavily veined and textured. Pale lavender flowers, midsummer. To about 3' tall, 18" tall. rev 2/2003

Houttuynia cordata ‘Variegata’ CHAMELEON PLANT   closeup   flower   commercial planting  this deciduous perennial bears short stems of colorful heart shaped leaves, dark green with light margins flushed rose red, especially during cool weather in full sun. Pink color will fade in deep shade, and variegation will turn greener, but plants will grow well there. Fast, spreading by underground stolons, and reaching 2-3’ tall with heat and watering. Be sure to trim out the all-green stems. The flowers look somewhat like tiny white coneflowers, the foliage smells like cilantro when crushed. Accepts little summer watering when established, but plants will be shorter. Can be grown as a pond plant, butin wet garden situations it can be invasive. Not very frost hardy. Eastern Asia. Saururaceae. rev 8/2010

Huernia zebrina  ZEBRA FLOWER  fly's eye view   is there, in the entire world, a plant as cute as this that also has a flower that smells like a decomposing rodent? Well I think not!! An easy grower, small in scale, a reliable bloomer and it stinks. What's not to like? Grow it in average succulent soil mix, in part shade, with intermittent watering during the warm season and less during the depths of winter. South Africa. Apocynaceae/Asclepiadecae. rev 10/2016

Humata tyermanii   WHITE HARE'S FOOT FERN, BEAR'S FOOT FERN    young plant   very compact, dark green foliages, large white furry stolons. The foliage is about the same as Davallia but the roots are larger. This is relatively hardy, and can be grown outside where temps don't usually go below 15F. Shade, regular fern watering, protection from hot, dry conditions. Good in containers where its pendant, searching roots can be appreciated. Sunset zones 7-9, 14-24/USDA 8. China. Polypodiaceae. rev 8/2010

Hydrangea  macrophylla     HYDRANGEA, HORTENSIA  also known as mophead hydrangeas, these are by far the most commonly seen varieties in California though H. paniculata and H. quercifolia selections are quickly becoming more common. These like at least part shade in hot, dry areas, will usually tolerate full bright shade and will enjoy about as much water as you can throw at them. USDA zone 5/Sunset 3-9, 14-24. Japan. Hydrangeaceae or Saxifragaceae. rev 11/2017

'Pistachio'     wild color display   named for the red and green colors of the pistchio nut (does anyone still eat the red ones?), this is a crazy colored, reblooming full-flowered type. And it's only 2-3' tall, spreading 4-5' wide. Part shade or full sun near the coast, it likes an acid soil and regular watering. Nice one for containers, interesting cut flowers too. rev 6/2013-Suzy Brooks

'LA Dreamin'     big and pink!  .  .   I mean, blue  .  .  or  ???      flowers all mixed up   this interesting new variety throws flowers in both blue and pink (and "blurple," as semifailed, almost-blues used to be known, in the floral/gift crop industry) at the same time, regardless of soil pH. Wide-petaled, fully sterile "mophead" flower clusters bloom heavily in spring and then repeat until late fall. USDA zone 5/Sunset all zones. rev 11/2017

'Lime Lovebird' PP27134  strong color   a dense, rounded grower with medium-sized flower heads, big enough to wow and numerous enough to cover the plant. The chartreuse flowers turn sharp magenta red starting from the petal edges and progressing inward as flowers mature. A strong rebloomer that will stay in color from spring through late fall in many California gardens. rev 11/2017

paniculata  a deciduous shrub or small tree to 15' tall and wide, known for its wonderful long, terminal, conical to pyramidal sprays of flowers that start off greenish then age to creamy white. Flowering beginns in early summer. Respectable pink to dark red fall color. All varieites like well-drained soils, regular watering, and afternoon shade if possible to help prevent blossom scorch in the hottest areas. For sun to part shade. This species and all its varieties do extremely well as container plants. Cut them back coming out of winter, flowers will form on mature wood under very long day conditions. Native to China, Japan.  rev 8/2006

'Bombshell' PP 21,008   white explosion!   compact and branching; lookout, we have a blooming machine here! Strong, branching stems hold clusters of white flowers summer and into fall. Growing 2-3' tall, it fits into smaller gardens and provides a simple and elegant look for those urns on both sides of the front door. Morning sun, regular watering. All Sunset zones/USDA 4. rev 6/2013-Suzy Brooks

'Fire and Ice'  early spring flowers cone-shaped ivory white flower clusters start off in spring a creamy white and gradually change to dark pink. By fall they have become a dark maroon red. Most of the name comes from the fact that the stems are bright red, and dramatically offset the new flower clusters. Site this one where you can see the display change with the seasons. A large, deciduous shrub, it reaches to 5-6' tall, 6-8' wide unpruned. It will take full sun near the coast or much more shade inland and regular watering until established, when it becomes less needy. The upright flowering branches can be used cut fresh or dried.  All Sunset zones/USDA 3. rev 7/2014

'Limelight' PP122874  flowers   attractive fading flowers   a superior greenish white form with larger flower heads. All the rage! This is a classy shrub just don't freak out when it drops its leaves. Nice fall color. Good in home gardens, commercial landscapes and especially woodland settings. To 6-8' high and wide. Summer to early fall bloom. Sunset all zones/USDA zone 4. rev 8/2009

'Sweet Summer'
PP21778   flowers just turning   a new compact form of this spectacular, summer blooming, deciduous species, which only grows to 4' tall and wide. Long spikes of greenish flower buds emerge in late spring against dark green leaves and maroon stems. Flowers open and slowly turn to creamy white before maturing to pink. With those strong stems they can be used cut fresh (wait until fully open!) or dried. Heat, shade and frost tolerant, and relatively drought tolerant here when established. Maroon stems and pretty green leaves turn purple in fall.USDA zone 3.

quercifolia OAKLEAF HYDRANGEA   late fall color   fast, dense, rounded deciduous shrub to 4-6’ tall with broad, thin, lobed leaves, light underneath. Arching growth habit. This plant is grown for its wonderful, long, wonderful, conical clusters of sterile creamy white flowers mixed with tiny fertile flowers appear in summer and early fall as well as its respectable fall color. It blooms on buds initiated from old wood, so don’t prune until after flowering. Often the flowers emerge green and slowly turn to white then eventually a very attractive ruddy bronze. Leaves turn brilliant red to dark bronzy purple in fall, depending on growing conditions. Sun to full, bright shade, average to little summer watering, very frost hardy (USDA zone 5). This species is considerably more drought tolerant than H. macrophylla and can get by in more sun with little summer watering when established. It tends to rot out under very wet conditions but will also grow in poorer soils. Southeastern U. S. rev 3/2004

'Ice Crystal'    conical lacecap clusters   this is a spring-summer blooming selection, bearing long cones white flowers in lacecap clusters. The oak-like leaves are more sharply pointed along the edges than 'Snow Queen,' they turn bright red in fall and hold for an extended period. To about 3-5' tall and wide, give it average watering, grow it in part sun or shade. USDA 5/Sunset all zones.  rev 5/2015 

'Pee Wee'
  spike   a dwarf Oakleaf Hydrangea with handsomely quilted leaves, white clusters of flowers, and lovely reddish bronze fall color. It also has attractive bark that is visible after the colored leaves fall in winter. Only 3-4' tall and wide, it's a great, easy to care shrub with interest in all seasons. rev 8/2011-Suzy Brooks

‘Snow Queen’   typical flower cluster  a clonal selection noted for its very long, luxuriant flower clusters.